Botanical Report
International Journal of Plant Sciences
ISSN :2319-8230 (Print)

GAYATHRI TEKNOLOGICAL

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 Current Volume No. 8(1)                                             15 March,2019

Table and Contents

Floristic Diversity of Sacred Places in Gorakhpur Uttar Pradesh India: Towards Biotechnological Initiatives for Ex-Situ Conservation
 

 
Jonnada  A.V. Prasada Rao*  J. Prema  Kumari1, T. Sandeep, S. Aarshi, S. Ayushi, K. Manish, P. Pratima, P. Siddharth, S. Pratibha, C. Sapna, T. Binu, P. Susmita, Y. Umme, V. Chanda, U. Sneha, D.  Prashant and K.S.Shobhit
 
 

Abstract
Sacred places are the oldest existing farms what are known as ancient botanical gardens and modern day biodiversity hotspots. Scared places are one of the way to protect the biodiversity. For dwindling of diversity and their habitat in an alarming rate is a serious issue on the national and global level and is a matter of urgency to preserve biodiversity for future generations. For germplasm is valuable because it contains diversity of genotypes that is related to develop new and improved genetic stocks, varieties and hybrids. Therefore, germplasm is the basic indispensable ingredient of all breeding programs and great emphasis is placed on collection, evaluation and conservation of germplasm. To achieve this lasting Objective, the present study is carried out to enumerate thevarioustypes of herbs, shrubs and tree species in sacred places of St. Joseph’s Cathedral, Gorakhnath Temple, Budhiya Mai Temple  and Geeta Vatika Temple in Gorakhpur and ascertaining their respective taxononomic position. For sacred places act as a natural antibiotic to treat the ailing environment.


The management and the conservation of local traditional plant resources has become a matter of urgency. However, the enumeration of the local flora is inevitable for fulfilling this long lasting object. An initiative was made to enumerate the sacred places of Gorakhpur. The sacred places endowed  with ca.3613  plants belonging to 85 species, 77 genera and 44 families. Similarly these places comprises total of – herbs & shrubs and ornamentals belonging to 78 species, 71 genera and 38 families. The number of tree species in the descending order is Tectona grandis (1068), Polyalthia longifolia(524), Eucalyptus citriodora(410), Syzygium cumini (323), Mangifera indica(199) etc. It is interesting to note that these sacred places compounded with endemic species such as Flacourtia indica (Burm.f.)Merr., Nepeta hindostana(L.), Lippia alba (Mill.)N.E.Br.ex Britton & P. Wilson, Phyla nodiflora (L.). All the sacred places adorned with only 1 endangered species named Aegle marmelos. The efforts to identifiy the spescies specially through DNA barcoding and to establish plants tissue culture protocols to develop propagules for ex situ conservation through in-vitro germplasm conservation. 
Key word: Sacred places, sacred plants, Biodiversity, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh.

Antibacterial activity of Bridelia scandens (Roxb.) Willd. and Bridelia retusa (L.) A.Juss.
 
Muthiah MARIDASS and Ganapathy RAJU
 
Department of Zoology, Pioneer Kumaraswamy College, (Affiliated to Manonmaniam Sundaranar University), Nagercoil, Tamil nadu-629003, India.
Corresponding Author Email maridassugcpdf@yahoo.co.in

 
Department of Biotechnology, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gorakhpur University Gorakhpur Uttar Pradesh India
*Corresponding author: drjonnada_avpr@rediffmail.com
 1Department of Botany, St. Ann’s College for Women, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

 

Abstract
This study was carried out with an objective to investigate in the preliminary phytochemicals and antibacterial potentials of both species of Bridelia scandens (Roxb.) Willd. and Bridelia retusa (L.) A.Juss. The aim of the present study was to investigation of phytochemical and antibacterial activity of methanolic extracts of both species on selected bacteria. The antibacterial activity was determined in the both extracts were used agar disc diffusion method. The results showed that both plants active against remarkable inhibition of the bacterial growth. The phytochemical analyses of the both plants B. scandens (Roxb.) Willd. and B. retusa (L.) A.Juss were revealed that alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenoids, tannins and saponins. The bacterial activity of the B. scandens (Roxb.) Willd. and B. retusa (L.) A.Juss. maybe act as identification of secondary metabolites. Hence, these plants can be used to discover bioactive plant products that may serve as leads in the development of new pharmaceuticals research activities.
 
Keywords: Bridelia scandens (Roxb.) Willd. and Bridelia retusa (L.) A. Juss, in vitro antibacterial activity, phytochemicals

                                           
 
Volume No 7(4)